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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 6 ( June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Impact of Iron Profile and Vitamin D Levels on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Sepsis and Septic Shock: A Cross-sectional Analysis at a Tertiary Care Center

Mukesh Bairwa, Basavaraj Jatteppanavar, Ravi Kant, Mahendra Singh, Arnab Choudhury

Keywords : Acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II, Ferritin, Iron profile, Mortality, Sepsis, Septic shock, SOFA score, Transferrin saturation, Vitamin D levels

Citation Information : Bairwa M, Jatteppanavar B, Kant R, Singh M, Choudhury A. Impact of Iron Profile and Vitamin D Levels on Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Sepsis and Septic Shock: A Cross-sectional Analysis at a Tertiary Care Center. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (6):569-574.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24726

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-05-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim and background: Sepsis is a major global health affecting millions worldwide, hence understanding its contributing factors becomes paramount. This cross-sectional study at a tertiary care center explores the relationship between iron profile, vitamin D levels, and outcomes in sepsis and septic shock patients. The primary objective was to explore the prevalence of iron profile and vitamin D parameters during early intensive care unit (ICU) admission and their association with 28-day mortality. Materials and methods: Spanning 18 months, the study enrolled adult patients meeting sepsis or septic shock criteria at the ICU. Data collection included demographic information, clinical characteristics, and blood samples for iron profile and vitamin D levels at admission. Disease severity was assessed using sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) scores, and treatment was administered as per surviving sepsis-3 guidelines. Results: The research involved 142 participants, uncovering prevalent organisms such as Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Noteworthy connections to mortality were identified for factors including vasopressor support, ICU stay duration, SOFA score, and APACHE-II score. Interestingly, age, gender, and vitamin D levels showed no significant associations. However, the study did reveal a significant association between iron, ferritin, and transferrin saturation levels with increased 28-day mortality. Conclusion: Our study concluded that low Iron, elevated ferritin, and decreased transferrin saturation levels maintained associations with the outcome of interest. While no such relationship was established with vitamin D levels. These results suggest potential implications for patient management and prognosis, warranting further exploration in future research.


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