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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 6 ( June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Prognostic Value of Acute Gastrointestinal Injury Combined with Disease Severity Scores in Critically Ill Patients

Pham D Hai, Nguyen H Tot, Le T Thao, Quy Khoa, Dang H Thien

Keywords : Acute gastrointestinal injury, Critically ill patients, Disease severity scores, mNUTRIC score, Prognosis

Citation Information : Hai PD, Tot NH, Thao LT, Khoa Q, Thien DH. Prognostic Value of Acute Gastrointestinal Injury Combined with Disease Severity Scores in Critically Ill Patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (6):575-580.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24733

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-05-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Critically ill patients are at high risk of multiple organ failure syndrome (MODS) and gastrointestinal (GI) injury and dysfunction, which are associated with increased mortality rates. The acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) scale has shown promise in assessing GI dysfunction. However, the combined utility of AGI with established disease severity scores remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the performance of AGI in conjunction with modified nutritional risk in critically ill (mNUTRIC), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) scores for predicting mortality in critically ill patients. Materials and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the intensive care unit (ICU) from May 2021 to December 2021. Demographic and clinical data were collected, including AGI grade, mNUTRIC score, SOFA score, APACHE II score, and mortality. Results: Among 93 critically ill patients, AGI was observed in 47.3% of cases, and the in-hospital mortality rate was 30.1%. The area under the curve (AUC) for AGI in predicting in-hospital mortality was 0.67 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.56, 0.79; p = 0.008], similar to the AUCs of SOFA, APACHE II, and mNUTRIC scores. The combination of AGI with mNUTRIC, APACHE II, or SOFA scores improved the predictive performance compared with AGI alone. Conclusion: The AGI grade, in conjunction with disease severity scores, such as mNUTRIC, SOFA, and APACHE II scores, shows promise in predicting mortality in critically ill patients. Integrating AGI into evaluating critically ill patients can enhance prognostic accuracy.


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