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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 7 ( July, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Oxygenation Index and Oxygen Saturation Index for Predicting Postoperative Outcome in Patients Undergoing Emergency Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study

Ruma Thakuria, Emmanuel Easterson Ernest, Apala Roy Chowdhury, Neha Pangasa, Choro Athiphro Kayina, Sulagna Bhattacharjee, Puneet Khanna, Dalim K Baidya, Banupriya Ravichandrane, Souvik Maitra

Keywords : Driving pressure, Emergency surgery, Mortality, Outcome, Oxygenation index, Oxygen saturation index

Citation Information : Thakuria R, Ernest EE, Chowdhury AR, Pangasa N, Kayina CA, Bhattacharjee S, Khanna P, Baidya DK, Ravichandrane B, Maitra S. Oxygenation Index and Oxygen Saturation Index for Predicting Postoperative Outcome in Patients Undergoing Emergency Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (7):645-649.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24749

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: The OI was originally evaluated as a prognostic tool for acute hypoxemic respiratory failure in children and was an independent predictor for mortality in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Methods: Oxygenation index and OSI of 201 adult patients undergoing emergency surgery were evaluated at different time points. The primary objective of this study was to find the correlation between OI and OSI. The secondary objectives were to find the prognostic utility of OI and OSI for postoperative mechanical ventilation and mortality. Results: Significant statistical correlation was found between OI and OSI both at the beginning (r2 = 0.61; p < 0.001) and immediately after surgery (r2 = 0.47; p < 0.001). Oxygen saturation index at the beginning [area under the receiver operating characteristics curve (AUROC) (95% CI) 0.76 (0.62–0.89); best cutoff 3.9, sensitivity 64% and specificity 45%] and immediately after surgery [AUROC (95% CI) 0.82 (0.72–0.92); best cutoff 3.57, sensitivity 79%, and specificity 62%] were reasonable predictors of the requirement of invasive ventilatory support. Exploratory analysis reported that older age (p = 0.02), higher total leukocyte count (p = 0.002), higher arterial lactate (p = 0.02), and higher driving pressure (p < 0.001) were independently associated with hospital mortality. Conclusion: In adult patients undergoing emergency laparotomy under general anesthesia, OI and OSI were found to be correlated. Both metrics demonstrated reasonable accuracy in predicting the need for invasive ventilatory support beyond 24 hours and hospital mortality.


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