Abrus precatorius poisoning: A retrospective study of 112 patients
Aishwarya Karthikeyan, S. Deepak Amalnath
Abrus precatorius, case series, India, poisoning
Citation Information :
Karthikeyan A, Amalnath SD. Abrus precatorius poisoning: A retrospective study of 112 patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017; 21 (4):224-225.
CC BY-ND 3.0
Copyright © 2017; The Author(s).
Abrus precatorius is a rare but important cause of plant poisoning, especially in tropical countries like India. Most of the published literature on Abrus is limited a few case reports. Hence, we did a retrospective study the clinical features and outcome of Abrus poisoning. Case records of patients admitted to medicine wards during 7 years were included in the study. A total of 112 patients were studied. The majority were females (78%), and most of the patients were between 13 and 30 years (81%). Diarrhea was the most common symptom (66%), and blood in stools was present in (33%). Six patients had died with a mortality rate of (5.35%).
Gadadhar S, Karande AA. Abrin immunotoxin: Targeted cytotoxicity and intracellular trafficking pathway. PLoS One 2013;8:e58304.
Narayanan S, Surendranath K, Bora N, Surolia A, Karande AA. Ribosome inactivating proteins and apoptosis. FEBS Lett 2005;579:1324-31.
Khanra D, Talukdar A, Basu K, Mitra S. Abrus precatorius poisoning leading to hemorrhagic gastroduodenitis – A rare experience. J Forensic Toxicol Pharmacol 2014;3:1.
Ganesan R, Ettiyan R. Abrus precatorius induced hemorrhagic colitis. Am J Pharmacol Toxicol 2015;10:40-5.
Davies JH. Abrus precatorius (rosary pea). The most common lethal plant poison. J Fla Med Assoc 1978;65:188-91.
Patil MM, Patil SV, Akki AS, Lakhkar B, Badiger S. An arrow poison (Abrus precatorius) causing fatal poisoning in a child. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10:SD03-4.
Sahoo R, Hamide A, Amalnath SD, Narayana BS. Acute demyelinating encephalitis due to Abrus precatorius poisoning – Complete recovery after steroid therapy. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2008;46:1071-3.
Pillay VV, Bhagyanathan PV, Krishnaprasad R, Rajesh RR, Vishnupriya N. Poisoning due to white seed variety of Abrus precatorius. J Assoc Physicians India 2005;53:317-9.
Subrahmanyan D, Mathew J, Raj M. An unusual manifestation of Abrus precatorius poisoning: A report of two cases. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2008;46:173-5.
Sahni V, Agarwal SK, Singh NP, Sikdar S. Acute demyelinating encephalitis after jequirity pea ingestion (Abrus precatorius). Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2007;45:77-9.
Vinod KV, Thabah MM, Venkatesh T, Thiruvikramaprakash G, Kumar SR, Dutta TK. A rare cause of dural venous sinus thrombosis. Neurol India 2013;61:669-70.
Dickers KJ, Bradberry SM, Rice P, Griffiths GD, Vale JA. Abrin poisoning. Toxicol Rev 2003;22:137-42.