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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 1 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles


Heart rate variability in children following drowning injury

Madhuradhar Chegondi, Jun Sasaki, Sayed Naqvi, Wei-Chiang Lin, Andre Raszynski, Balagangadhar R. Totapally

Keywords : Children, drowning, heart rate variability

Citation Information : Chegondi M, Sasaki J, Naqvi S, Lin W, Raszynski A, Totapally BR. Heart rate variability in children following drowning injury. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (1):53-55.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_120_16

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-01-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; The Author(s).


Heart rate variability (HRV) has been used as prognostic tool in various disorders in pediatric and adult patients. In our study we aimed to evaluate heart rate variability indices and their association with neurological outcome in three children with anoxic brain injury following drowning. Three children included in the study were admitted following drowning and required mechanical ventilation and targeted temperature management. All physiologic data, including electrocardiography (ECG) and EEG were collected for a period of 3–5 days after enrollment. ECG signals were analyzed in both time and frequency domains. The spectral power of the low-frequency (LF) band (0.04–0.15 Hz) and that of the high-frequency (HF) band (0.15–0.4 Hz), the standard deviation of the average R to R ECG intervals (SDANN) were calculated. Mean low-frequency/high-frequency power ratios (LF/HF) were compared using a two-tailed t-test and ANOVA with Tukey–Kramer multiple comparisons. The power in the LF band, the LF/HF power ratio, and the SDANN, were lower in children who had a poor outcome, and during periods of isoelectric or burst suppression EEG patterns.

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