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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 6 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Speech and swallowing function outcome following early tracheostomy in patients who underwent neurosurgical intervention

Amit Agrawal, Ranabir Pal, Valluri Anil Kumar, Bobba Ushasree Reddy, Veldurti Ananta Kiran Kumar, R. Lakshman Kumar, Mundlapudi Jahnavi

Keywords : Neurotrauma, tracheostomy, traumatic brain injury

Citation Information : Agrawal A, Pal R, Kumar VA, Reddy BU, Kumar VA, Kumar RL, Jahnavi M. Speech and swallowing function outcome following early tracheostomy in patients who underwent neurosurgical intervention. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (6):427-430.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_31_18

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-06-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Evaluation of late-onset speech and swallowing complications of tracheostomy on neurotrauma cases, as the most common intensive care unit procedure, needs to be evaluated. Objectives: A prospective study conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital to find the late-onset speech and swallowing complications of tracheostomy in neurotrauma cases. Materials and Methods: This prospective observational study was conducted in the intensive care unit on intubated patients needing elective tracheostomy at a tertiary care teaching institute in South India with a dedicated referral trauma center. A data collection tool was prepared to find age, gender, date of admission, tracheostomy, and discharge, contact address and number, initial and final diagnosis, initial Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) on admission and subsequent GCS before and after tracheostomy, ventilator settings before and after the tracheostomy, procedure and intraoperative complications, type of cannula used, details of decannulation, and respiratory difficulties. Results: In our study among 69 cases between 16 and 75 years\' age range with mean 46.67 ± 16.65, majority were males (75.36%) and 60 were cranial cases (86.96%). Of the alive cases (21 [30.43%]) who underwent tracheostomy; 18 were performed in operation theater and 3 as bedside procedure. Major problems reported were: Speech problems (not able to phonate) (9), feeble voice (6), pain while speaking (6), and reduced loudness (6), frequent throat clearing while speaking (4), cough while speaking (3); breathlessness while speaking (1), gasping while speaking (1) and vocal tiredness (1); aspirations (2) and painful swallowing (1). Conclusions: Our study suggested that though, majority of neurotrauma patients require tracheostomy for long term ventilator support and associated speech and swallowing problems are expected.


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