Simulation Training in Hemodynamic Monitoring and Mechanical Ventilation: An Assessment of Physician's Performance
Amarja A Havaldar, Sriram Sampath, Saravana K Paramasivam
Citation Information :
Havaldar AA, Sampath S, Paramasivam SK. Simulation Training in Hemodynamic Monitoring and Mechanical Ventilation: An Assessment of Physician's Performance. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (6):423-428.
Background: Simulation is to imitate or replicate real-life scenarios in order to improve cognitive, diagnostic and therapeutic skills. An ideal model should be good enough to output realistic clinical scenarios and respond to interventions done by trainees in real time. Use of simulation-based training has been tried in various fields of medicine. The aim of our study was to prospectively evaluate the effectiveness of simulation model “CRITICA”™ (MEDUPLAY systems) in training critical care physicians. Materials and methods: The advanced intensive care unit (ICU) simulator “CRITICA”™ (MEDUPLAY systems) was developed as a joint collaboration between the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru and St John\'s Medical College, Bengaluru. Two-day workshop was conducted. Intensive didactic and case-based scenarios were simulated to formally teach principles of advanced ICU scenarios. The physicians were tested on clinical scenarios in hemodynamic monitoring and mechanical ventilation displayed on the simulator. Assessment of the analytical thinking and pattern recognition ability was carried out before and after the display of the scenarios. Pre- and posttest scores were collected. Results: The postsimulation test scores were higher than pretest scores and were statistically significant in hemodynamic monitoring and mechanical ventilation module. [Hemodynamic monitoring pre- and posttest scores 4.41 (2.06) vs 5.23 (2.22) p < 0.001] [Mechanical ventilation pre- and posttest scores 4 (2–5.5) vs 7.5 (6.5–8.5) p < 0.001]. A greater increase in posttest scores was seen in the mechanical ventilation module as compared to hemodynamic module. There was no effect of specialty or designation of a trainee on difference in pre- and posttest scores. Conclusion: Simulator-based training in hemodynamic monitoring and mechanical ventilation was effective. Comparison of routine classroom teaching and simulator-based training needs to be evaluated prospectively.
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