Citation Information :
Joshi M, Rathod R, Bhosale SJ, P Kulkarni A. Accuracy of Estimated Continuous Cardiac Output Monitoring (esCCO) Using Pulse Wave Transit Time (PWTT) Compared to Arterial Pressure-based CO (APCO) Measurement during Major Surgeries. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (4):498-502.
Background: Pulse wave transit time is a novel method of estimating continuous cardiac output (esCCO). Since there are not many studies evaluating esCCO, we compared it with arterial pressure based cardiac output (APCO) method (FloTrac).
Methods: In this prospective single-center observational study, we included 50 adult patients planned to undergo supramajor oncosurgeries, where major blood loss and extensive fluid shifts were expected. Cardiac output (CO) measurements were obtained by both methods at five distinct time points, giving us 250 paired readings of stroke volume index (SVI) and cardiac index (CI). We analyzed these readings using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Bland–Altman plots, along with other appropriate statistical tests.
Results: There was significant correlation between CI and SVI measured by the esCCO and APCO. Bland–Altman plot analysis for CI showed a bias of −0.44 L/minute/m2, precision of 0.74, and the limits of agreement of −1.89 and +1.01, while the percentage error was 46.29%. Bland–Altman analysis for SVI showed a bias −5.07 mL with a precision of 9.36, and the limits of agreement to be −23.4 to +13.28. The percentage error was 46.56%.
Conclusion: This study demonstrated that esCCO tended to underestimate the CI to a large degree, particularly while estimating the cardiac output in the lower range. We found that the limits of agreement between two methods were wide, which are not likely to be clinically acceptable. Further studies with larger number of data points, obtained in a similar subset of patients, for cardiac output measurement in the perioperative period will certainly help determine if pulse wave transit time (PWTT) is here to stay (CTRI No.: CTRI/2019/08/020543).
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