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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 11 ( 2016 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Risk factors for early invasive fungal disease in critically ill patients

Ceva Pitoyo, Dita Aditianingsih, Cleopas Rumende

Keywords : Candida, critically ill, diabetes mellitus, early invasive fungal disease, risk factor

Citation Information : Pitoyo C, Aditianingsih D, Rumende C. Risk factors for early invasive fungal disease in critically ill patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (11):633-639.

DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.194007

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-11-2016

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2016; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: The incidence of invasive fungal disease (IFD) is increasing worldwide in the past two to three decades. Critically ill patients in Intensive Care Units are more vulnerable to fungal infection. Early detection and treatment are important to decrease morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Objective: Our study aimed to assess factors associated with early IFD in critically ill patients. Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted in critically ill patients, from March to September 2015. Total number of patients (74) in this study was drawn based on one of the risk factors (human immunodeficiency virus). Specimens were collected on day 5–7 of hospitalization. Multivariate analysis with logistic regression was performed for factors, with P< 0.25 in bivariate analysis. Results: Two hundred and six patients were enrolled in this study. Seventy-four patients were with IFD, majority were males (52.7%), mean age was 58 years (range 18–79), mean Leon\'s score was 3 (score range 2–5), majority group was nonsurgical/nontrauma (72.9%), and mean fungal isolation was positive on day 5. Candida sp. (92.2%) is the most frquently isolated fungal infection. Urine culture yielded the highest number of fungal isolates (70.1%). Mortality rate in this study was 50%. In multivariate analysis, diabetes mellitus (DM) (P = 0.018, odds ratio 2.078, 95% confidence interval 1.135–3.803) was found as an independent factor associated with early IFD critically ill patients. Conclusion: DM is a significant factor for the incidence of early IFD in critically ill patients.


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