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VOLUME 21 , ISSUE 12 ( 2017 ) > List of Articles

RESEARCH ARTICLE

Plasmapheresis: A retrospective audit of procedures from a tertiary care center in Southern India

O. T. Ahammed Nizar, Pratheeksha Rai, Shobhana Rao, M. Shenoy

Keywords : Complications, dialysis, fluid replacement, plasma exchange

Citation Information : Ahammed Nizar OT, Rai P, Rao S, Shenoy M. Plasmapheresis: A retrospective audit of procedures from a tertiary care center in Southern India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017; 21 (12):857-860.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_177_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 00-12-2017

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2017; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Introduction: The term plasmapheresis/plasma exchange refers to the removal of the plasma component of blood and its replacement with various fluids. Plasma Exchange (PE) has been used to treat a variety of conditions that are associated with an aberrant immune response. We undertook this retrospective study aiming to look at plasmapheresis procedures conducted in the nephrology department over a fixed time period. Materials and Methods: Retrospective analysis of PE procedures from January 2013 to October 2016 was conducted in the nephrology and Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary care teaching hospital. The goal was to achieve a total removal of 150–200 ml/plasma per kg body weight. As replacement, we used a standard protocol of 100 ml of 20% albumin in 1 L of normal saline and 2–3 units of fresh frozen plasma. All results were expressed as mean ± standard deviation and statistical analysis was done using the Student\'s t-test for continuous and Fisher\'s exact test for categorical data. Results: A total of 192 procedures performed on 40 patients (22 males and 18 females). Age ranged from 15 to 79 years with a mean age of 37.5 years. Guillain–Barre syndrome accounted for 67.5% (>two-third of causes) for PE. Vascular access was femoral catheter in 27 (67.5%) and internal jugular catheter in 13 (32.5%). Mild hypotension occurred in 15 procedures (7.8%) of patients and allergic reactions such as rashes and chills occurred in 5 cycles (2.6%). A total of 36 patients (90%) showed significant improvement in condition, 2 did not show any change, while one worsened and one died due to respiratory complications. Conclusion: Our small series of data of plasmapheresis procedures from nephrology perspective has reaffirmed the safety and efficacy of the therapy in an experienced setup.


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