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VOLUME 22 , ISSUE 5 ( 2018 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Adult influenza A (H1N1) related encephalitis: A case report

Devinder Midha, Pratibha Vasudev, Zafar Iqbal

Keywords : Adult, encephalitis, H1N1

Citation Information : Midha D, Vasudev P, Iqbal Z. Adult influenza A (H1N1) related encephalitis: A case report. Indian J Crit Care Med 2018; 22 (5):384-387.

DOI: 10.4103/ijccm.IJCCM_344_17

License: CC BY-ND 3.0

Published Online: 01-05-2018

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2018; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

The year 2009–2010 saw H1N1 influenza outbreaks occurring in almost all countries of the world, causing the WHO to declare it a pandemic of an alert level of 6. In India, H1N1 influenza outbreaks were again reported in late 2014 and early 2015. Since then, sporadic cases of H1N1 influenza have been reported. H1N1 influenza usually presents itself with respiratory tract symptoms. In a minority of patients, abdominal symptoms may occur as well. Acute influenza-associated encephalopathy/encephalitis mostly occurs in the pediatric population, whereas in adults, it is a rare complication. The incidence of neurological complications appears to have increased after the 2009 H1N1 influenza A virus pandemic. We would like to draw attention to an adult patient case who initially presented with respiratory symptoms but then deteriorated and developed encephalitis, which is rarely reported. As per literature reviewed by Victoria Bangualid and Judith Berger on PubMed, only 21 cases of neurological complications were found in adult influenza A patients, out of whom 8 had encephalopathy.


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