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VOLUME 19 , ISSUE 11 ( 2015 ) > List of Articles
Shahzad Alam, Nagaraju M. Manjunath
Keywords : Hydrothorax, ventriculoperitoneal shunt, ventriculopleural shunt
Citation Information : Alam S, Manjunath NM. Severe respiratory failure following ventriculopleural shunt. Indian J Crit Care Med 2015; 19 (11):690-692.
License: CC BY-ND 3.0
Published Online: 01-11-2015
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2015; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) diversion procedure has been used for long to treat hydrocephalus in children. The principle of shunting is to establish a communication between the CSF and a drainage cavity (peritoneum, right atrium, and pleura). Ventriculoperitoneal shunt is used most commonly, followed secondly by ventriculopleural shunt (VPLS). Hydrothorax due to excessive CSF accumulation is a rare complication following both the type of shunts and is more frequently seen with VPLS. We report a case of a 6-year-old female child presenting with massive CSF hydrothorax with respiratory failure following VPLS. The aim of the article is to highlight early recognition of this rare and life-threatening condition, which could easily be missed if proper history is not available.
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