Comparison of suction above cuff and standard endotracheal tubes in neurological patients for the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia and in-hospital outcome: A randomized controlled pilot study
R Ravikumar, Dheeraj Masapu, Sritam Jena, Sriganesh Kamath, H. B. Veenakumari, Venkatapura J. Ramesh, Varadarajan Bhadrinarayan
Citation Information :
Ravikumar R, Masapu D, Jena S, Kamath S, Veenakumari HB, Ramesh VJ, Bhadrinarayan V. Comparison of suction above cuff and standard endotracheal tubes in neurological patients for the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia and in-hospital outcome: A randomized controlled pilot study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (5):261-266.
Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication with endotracheal intubation. The occurrence of VAP results in significant mortality and morbidity. Earlier studies have shown reduction in the incidence of VAP with subglottic secretion drainage. The incidence of VAP in neurologically injured patients is higher and can impact the neurological outcome. This study aimed to compare the incidence of VAP with standard endotracheal tube (SETT) and suction above cuff endotracheal tube (SACETT) in neurologically ill patients and its impact on clinical outcome.
Methods: Fifty-four patients with neurological illnesses aged ≥18 years and requiring intubation and/or ventilation and anticipated to remain on ETT for ≥48 h were randomized to receive either SETT or SACETT. All the VAP preventive measures were similar between two groups except for the difference in type of tube.
Results: The data of 50 patients were analyzed. The incidence of clinical VAP was 20% in SETT group and 12% in SACETT group; (P = 0.70). The incidence of microbiological VAP was higher in the SETT group (52%) as compared to SACETT group (44%) but not statistically significant; (P = 0.78). There was no difference between the two groups for measured outcomes such as duration of intubation, mechanical ventilation, and Intensive Care Unit stay.
Conclusions: In this pilot study in neurological population, a there was no significant difference in incidence of clinical and microbiological VAP was seen between SETT and SACETT, when other strategies for VAP prevention were similar. Other outcomes were similar with use of either tube for intubation.
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