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VOLUME 20 , ISSUE 6 ( 2016 ) > List of Articles
Ipe Jacob, Tejaswini Arunachala Murthy, B. J. Anil
Keywords : Hospital mortality, infection rates, nutrition, outcomes
Citation Information : Jacob I, Murthy TA, Anil BJ. Postoperative nutrition practices in abdominal surgery patients in a tertiary referral hospital Intensive Care Unit: A prospective analysis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2016; 20 (6):319-322.
License: CC BY-ND 3.0
Published Online: 01-12-2013
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2016; The Author(s).
Background: Benefit of early enteral feeds in surgical patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICUs) has been emphasized by several studies. Apprehensions about anastomotic leaks in gastrointestinal surgical patients prevent initiation of early enteral nutrition (EN). The impact of these practices on outcome in Indian scenario is less studied. Aims: This study compares the impact of early EN (within 48 h after surgery) with late EN (48 h postsurgery) on outcomes in abdominal surgical ICU patients. Settings and Design: Postabdominal surgery patients admitted to a tertiary referral hospital ICU over a 2-year period were analyzed. Methods: Only patients directly admitted to ICU after abdominal surgery were included in this study. ICU stay>3 days was considered as prolonged; with average ICU length of stay (LOS) for this ICU being 3 days. The primary outcome was in-patient mortality. ICU LOS, hospital LOS, infection rates, and ventilator days were secondary outcome measures. Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II scores were calculated. SPSS and Microsoft Excel were used for analysis. Results: Of 91 ICU patients included, 58 received early EN and 33 late EN. Hospital LOS and infection rates were less in early EN group. Use of parenteral nutrition (odds ratio [OR] 5.25, 95% confidence interval (CI); P = 0.003) and number of nil-per-oral days (OR 8.25, 95% CI; P ≤ 0.001) were other predictors of prolonged LOS. Conclusions: Early EN in postabdominal surgery ICU patients was associated with reduced hospital LOS and infection rates. ICU LOS, duration of mechanical ventilation and mortality rates did not vary.