Citation Information :
Peter J V, Ramakrishna K, Pugazhendhi S, Kabeerdoss J. Association between heat shock protein 70 gene polymorphisms and clinical outcomes in intensive care unit patients with sepsis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2014; 18 (4):205-211.
Objective: The objective of the following study is to evaluate the associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the Heat Shock Protein 70 (HSP70) gene, gene expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF- α) and medical intensive care unit (MICU) stay and organ failure in sepsis.
Materials and Methods: MICU patients with sepsis were genotyped for rs1061581, rs2227956, rs1008438 and rs1043618 polymorphisms in HSP70 gene using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis or allele-specific PCR. Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression of IL-6 and TNF-α were quantitated in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Outcomes were recorded.
Results: 108 patients (48 male) aged 40.7 ± 16.0 (mean ± standard deviation) years included H1N1 infection (36), scrub typhus (29) and urosepsis (12). Seventy-one (65.7%) had dysfunction of three or more organ systems, 66 patients (61.1%) were treated by mechanical ventilation, 21 (19.4%) needed dialysis. ICU stay was 9.3 ± 7.3 days. Mortality was 38.9%. One or more SNPs were noted in 101/108 (93.5%) and organ failure was noted in only 1/7 patients without a single SNP. The A allelotypes of rs1061581 and rs1008438 were associated with hematological dysfunction (P = 0.03 and 0.07) and longer ICU stay (P = 0.05 and 0.04), whereas IL-6 and TNF-α mRNA levels were associated with central nervous system dysfunction.
Conclusions: HSP70 genotypes may determine some adverse outcomes in patients with sepsis.
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