Bernard GR, Artigas A, Brigham KL. American European consensus conference on ARDS: definitions, mechanisms, relevant outcomes and clinical trial coordination. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1994;149:818-24.
Dreyfuss D, Suamon G. From ventilator associated lung injury to multiple organ dysfunction, Intensive Care Med 1998;24:102-4.
Dreyfuss D, Saumon G. Lessons from experimental studies, Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;157:294-323.
Gattinoni L, Presenti A, Torresin A. Adult respiratory distress syndrome profiles by computed tomography. J Thoracic Imaging 1986;1:25-30.
Matamis D, Lemaire F, Harf A. Total respiratory pressure volume curves in ARDS. Chest 1984;86:58-61.
Ranieri VM, Suter P, Tertocella C. Effects of mechanical ventilation on inflammatory mediators in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 1999;282:54-61.
Hickling KG, Henderson SJ, Jackson R. Low morbidity associated with low volume pressure limited ventilation with permissive hypercapnia in severe adult respiratory distress syndrome. Intensive Care Medicine 1990;16:372-7.
Stewart TE, Meade MO, Cook DJ. Evaluation of a ventilation strategy to prevent barotrauma in patients at high risk of acute respiratory distress syndrome, N Eng J Med 1998;338:347-54.
Brower RG, Shanholtz CB, Fessler HE. Prospective randomized controlled clinical trial comparing traditional vs reduced tidal volume ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients. Crit Care Med 1999;27:1492-8.
Brochard L, Roudot-Thoraval F, Factor P. Tidal volume reduction for prevention of ventilator induced lung injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;158:1831-8.
Amato MBP, Barbas CSV, Medeiros DM. Effect of a protective ventilation strategy on mortality in the acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Eng J Med 1998;338:347-54.
The Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Network. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared to traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury and the acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Eng J Med 2000;342:1301-8.
Slutsky AS, Tremblay LN. Multiple organ system failure; Is mechanical ventilation a contributory factor? Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;157:1721-5.
Eichacker PQ, Gerstenberg EP, Banks SW. Meta-analysis of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome trials testing low tidal volumes. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;166:1510-4.
Carmichael LC, Dorinsky PM, Higgins SB. Diagnosis and treatment of acute respiratory distress syndrome in adults, an international survey. J Crit Care 1996;11:9-18.
Thomson B, Hayden D, Matthay MA. Clinicians′ approach to mechanical ventilation in Acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Chest 2001;120:1622-7.
Esteban A, Anzueto A, Frutos F. Characteristics and outcomes in adult patients receiving mechanical ventilation, a 28 day international study, JAMA 2002;287:345-55.
Esteban A, Anzueto A, Alia I. How is mechanical ventilation employed in the intensive care units, an international utilization review, Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;161:1450-5.
Oba Y, Salzman GA. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury. N Eng J Med 2000;343:813.
Bendixen HH, Egbert CD, Healey-Whyte J, Laver MD, Pontoppidan H. Respiratory care, 149th edition. St. Louis: Mosby; 1965.
Pontoppidan H, Giffin B, Lowenstein E. Acute respiratory failure in the adult; 78th edition. Boston: Little, Brown and Co. 1972.
Laffey JG, Kavanagh BP, Ney L, et al. ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury. N Eng J Med 2000;343:812-4.
Hood VL, Tannen RL. Protection of acid base balance by pH regulation of acid protection. N Eng J Med 1998;339:826-9.
Laffey JG, Kavanagh BP. Carbon dioxide and the critically ill-too little of a good thing. Lancet 1999;354:1283-6.
Ney L, Kuebler W. Ventilation with lower tidal volumes as compared with traditional tidal volumes for acute lung injury. N Eng J Med 2000;343:812-4.
Brower R, Matthay M, Schoenfeld D. Meta-analysis of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome trials. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2002;66:1515-7.
Kallet RH, Jasmer RM, Pittet JF. Clinical implementation of the ARDS network protocol is associated with reduced hospital mortality compared with historical controls. Crit Care Med 2005;33:925-9.
Gattinoni L, Caironi P, Carlesso E. How to ventilate patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome. Curr Opin Crit Care 2005;1:69-76.
Marini JJ, Gattinoni L. Ventilatory management of acute respiratory distress syndrome: A consensus of two. Crit Care Med 2004;1:250-5.
Petrucci N, Lacovelli W. Ventilation with smaller tidal volumes: A quantitative systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Anesth Analg 2004;1:193-200.
Ricard JD. Are we really reducing tidal volume-and should we? Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2003;10:1297-8.
Sakr Y, Vincent JL, Reinhart K. High tidal volume and positive fluid balance are associated with worse outcome in acute lung injury. Chest 2005;128:3098-108.
Brower RG, Krishnan J, Thompson BT. Effects of tidal volume reduction (VT-R) in acute lung injury (ALI) patients with inspiratory plateau pressures (PPLAT) 32 cm H2O before VT-R (poster 609, presented at the 99th International Conference of the American Thoracic Society, May 20, 2003). Available online at: http://www.abstracts2view.com
Chan Kenneth PW, Stewart TE. Clinical use of high frequency oscillatory ventilation in adult patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Crit Care Med 2005;33:S170-S174.
Tobin MJ. Culmination of an era in research on the acute respiratory distress syndrome. N Eng J Med 2000;342:1360-1.
Young MP, Manning HL, Wilson DL. Ventilation of patients with acute lung injury: Has new evidence changed clinical practice? Crit Care Med 2004;32:1260-5.