Critical care delivery in intensive care units in India: Defining the functions, roles and responsibilities of a consultant intensivist
N. Ramakrishnan, A. K. Baronia, J. V. Divatia, A. Bhagwati, R. Chawla, S. Iyer, C. K. Jani, S. Joad, V. Kamat, F. Kapadia, Y. Mehta, S. N. Myatra, S. Nagarkar, V. Nayyar, S. Padhy, R. Rajagopalan, B. Ray, S. Sahu, S. Sampath, S. Todi
Citation Information :
Ramakrishnan N, Baronia AK, Divatia JV, Bhagwati A, Chawla R, Iyer S, Jani CK, Joad S, Kamat V, Kapadia F, Mehta Y, Myatra SN, Nagarkar S, Nayyar V, Padhy S, Rajagopalan R, Ray B, Sahu S, Sampath S, Todi S. Critical care delivery in intensive care units in India: Defining the functions, roles and responsibilities of a consultant intensivist. Indian J Crit Care Med 2006; 10 (1):53-63.
The Leapfrog Group. ICU Physician staffing (IPS) Bibliography. http://www.leapfroggroup.org/for_hospitals/leapfrog_safety_practices/icu_physician_staffing/ips_bibliography. Accessed on 06/07/2005.
The Leapfrog Group for patient safety. Factsheet: ICU Physician Staffing. accessed from “http://www.leapfroggroup.org/media/file/Leapfrog-ICU_Physician_Staffing_Fact_Sheet.pdf Accessed on 06/07/2005.
Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine. Indian Guidelines for Critical Care Units. February 10, 2003.
Brilli RJ, Spevetz A, Branson RD, Campbell GM, Cohen H, Dasta JF, et al. American College of Critical Care Medicine Task Force on Models of Critical Care Delivery. The American College of Critical Care Medicine Guidelines for the Definition of an Intensivist and the Practice of Critical Care Medicine. Critical care delivery in the intensive care unit: defining clinical roles and the best practice model. Crit Care Med 2001;29:2007-19.
Faculty of Intensive Care, Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists. The Duties of an intensive care specialist in hospitals accredited for intensive care training. http://www.jficm.anzca.edu.au/publications/policy/ic2_2000.htm Accessed on 06/07/2005
Pronovost PJ, Jenckes MW, Dorman T, Garrett E, Breslow MJ, Rosenfeld BA, et al. Organizational characteristics of intensive care units related to outcomes of abdominal aortic surgery. JAMA 1999;281:1310-7.
Hanson CW 3rd, Deutschman CS, Anderson HL 3rd, Reilly PM, Behringer EC, Schwab CW, et al. Effects of an organized critical care service on outcomes and resource utilization: A cohort study. Crit Care Med 1999;27:270-4.
Pronovost PJ, Angus DC, Dorman T, Robinson KA, Dremsizov TT, Young TL. Physician staffing patterns and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients: a systematic review. JAMA 2002;288:2151-62.
Reynolds NH, Haupt MT, Thill-Baharozian MC, Carlson RW. Impact of critical care physician staffing with septic shock in a university hospital medical intensive care unit. JAMA 1988;260:3446-50.
Brown JJ, Sullivan G. Effect on ICU mortality of a full-time critical care specialist. Chest 1989;96:127-9.
Manthous CA, Amoateng-Adjepong Y, al-Kharrat T, Jacob B, Alnuaimat HM, Chatila W, et al. Effects of medical consultant intensivist on patient care in a community teaching hospital. Mayo Clin Proc 1997;72:391-9.
Blunt MC, Burchett KR. Out-of-hours consultant cover and casemix- adjusted mortality in intensive care. Lancet 2000;356:735-6.
Topeli A, Laghi F, Tobin MJ. Effect of closed unit policy and appointing an intensivist in a developing country. Crit Care Med 2005;33:299-306.
Carson SS, Stocking C, Podsadecki T, Christenson J, Pohlman A, MacRae S, et al. Effects of organizational change in the medical intensive care unit of a teaching hospital: A comparison of ′open′ and ′closed′ formats. JAMA 1996;276:322-8.
Multz, AS, Chalfin DB, Samson IM, Dantzker DR, Fein AM, Steinberg HN, et al. A closed medical intensive care unit (MICU) improves resource utilization when compared with an open MICU. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1998;157:1468-73.
Ghorra S, Reinert SE, Cioffi W, Buczko G, Simms HH. Analysis of the effect of conversion from open to closed surgical intensive care unit. Ann Surg 1999;229:163-71.
Cole L, Bellomo R, Silvester W, Reeves JH. A prospective, multicenter study of the epidemiology, management and outcome of severe acute renal failure in a “closed” ICU system. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000;162:191-6.
Knaus WA, Draper EA, Wagner DP, Zimmerman J. An evaluation of outcome from intensive care in major medical centers. Ann Intern Med 1986;104:410-8.
Mani RK, Chawla R, Divatia JV. Guidelines for limiting lifeprolonging interventions and providing palliative care towards the end of life in Indian Intensive care units. Indian J Crit Care Med 2005;9:96-107.