An audit of characteristics and outcomes in adult intensive care patients following tracheostomy
Yiu Ming Ho, A. Peter Wysocki, James Hogan, Hayden White
Intensive care, mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy
Citation Information :
Ho YM, Wysocki AP, Hogan J, White H. An audit of characteristics and outcomes in adult intensive care patients following tracheostomy. Indian J Crit Care Med 2012; 16 (2):100-105.
Background: Tracheostomies are commonly performed on critically ill patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation. The purpose of this study was to review our experience with surgical and percutaneous tracheostomies and identify factors affecting outcome. Materials and Methods: Patients who underwent tracheostomy between January 1999 and June 2008 were identified on the basis of Diagnostic Related Group coding and the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification procedural code. The primary endpoint was in-hospital mortality. Contingency tables were generated for clinical variables and a chi-squared test was used to determine significance. Results: One hundred and sixty-eight patients underwent tracheostomy between January 1999 and 30 June 2008. In-hospital mortality was 22.6%. The probability of death was found to be independent of timing of tracheostomy, technique used (percutaneous vs. surgical), number of failed extubations and obesity. On univariate analysis, the null hypothesis of independence was rejected for age on admission (P = 0.014), diagnosis of sepsis (P = 0.0008) or cardiac arrest (P = 0.0016), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (P = 0.0319) and the Australasian Outcomes Research Tool for Intensive Care calculated risk of death (P = 0.0432). Conclusion: Although a number of patient factors are associated with worse outcome, tracheostomy appears to be a relatively safe technique in the Intensive Care Unit population.
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