Hemotoxic Snakebite Presenting with Bilateral Blindness Due to Ischemic Occipital Infarcts
A Kodiatte Abraham, John Livingston
Cortical blindness, Hemotoxic snakebite, Ischemic infarcts
Citation Information :
Abraham AK, Livingston J. Hemotoxic Snakebite Presenting with Bilateral Blindness Due to Ischemic Occipital Infarcts. Indian J Crit Care Med 2019; 23 (2):99-101.
CC BY-NC 4.0
Copyright © 2019; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
Cerebrovascular complications are rare following a Viperidae snake envenomation, let alone ischemic ones. This catastrophic hemorrhaging cascade is widely known to cause a wide array of manifestations. Its manifestations can range from skin bleeds to fatal intracranial or organ hemorrhages. Our patient had cortical blindness secondary to an ischemic occipital infarct following a hemotoxic snakebite - a seemingly distinct oxymoron. The physician should be mindful of the fact that a hemotoxic snakebite can deceptively bring in ischemic attacks as well. Toxic vasculitis, thrombotic angiopathies, widespread vasospasm and endothelial damage are believed to shoulder a part of the disease process that can bring about tissue ischemia.
Key Messages: Hemotoxic snake envenomation can have devastating effects. Apart from dealing with the threat of coagulopathy, the physician must also be alert to the ironical ischemic aftermath that can equally bring in misery. Our patient had one such complication-bilateral cortical blindness resulting from bilateral occipital ischemic infarcts. The physician must be aware that a hemotoxic snakebite can even instigate ischemic dilemmas, i.e. cerebrovascular infarcts, as well.
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