Background: Various scoring systems have been developed to assess the severity and survival in end-stage liver disease.
Aim of the study: Prospective study to compare and analyze the efficacy of scoring systems in predicting mortality in ESLD patients who present with cirrhosis specific complications to the emergency room.
Materials and methods: This prospective, single point study was conducted over a two year period from September 2014 to August 2016 among 162 ESLD patients seeking admission to the emergency unit of Gleneagles Global Health City, Chennai. Baseline investigations incorporated hemogram, liver biochemical parameters, coagulation parameters (PT/INR), serum creatinine, serum electrolytes and blood gas analysis, to calculate the CTP score, MELD, MELD-Na, MESO, iMELD, Updated MELD, UKELD, SOFA and APACHE II. Comparison of MELD snd non MELD scores were done between survivors and nonsurvivors. The mortality rate for the same admission was calculated.
Results: Of the 162 patients requiring emergency admision, 148 were men (91.4%). The median age of patients was 56 years (range 25–75 years). The cause for liver cirrhosis was alcohol followed by nonalcoholic steatohepatitis and hepatitis B. The indications for emergency admissions were fever, tense ascites, reduced urine output and altered sensorium. Thirty patients (18.5%) expired during the same admission. The predictive accuracy of all scores for predicting mortality by ROC curves was between 0.7 and 0.8 (p < 0.05).
Conclusion: Although, all scores appear to be equally good, simple scores like CTP and MELD is all that is required to ascertain the prognosis of patients seeking emergency admission.
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