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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2020 ) > List of Articles

REVIEW ARTICLE

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Intensive Care Unit Setting of India: A Review of Clinical Burden, Patterns of Prevalence, Preventive Measures, and Future Strategies

Ashit Hegde, Varsha Gupta, Jaishid Ahdal, Amit Qamra, Salman Motlekar, Rishi Jain

Keywords : Antibiotic resistance, Hospital-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Intensive care unit, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carrier, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonization, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pipeline, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus transmission

Citation Information : Hegde A, Gupta V, Ahdal J, Qamra A, Motlekar S, Jain R. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in Intensive Care Unit Setting of India: A Review of Clinical Burden, Patterns of Prevalence, Preventive Measures, and Future Strategies. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (1):55-62.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23337

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-01-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Aim: The aim of this review article is not only to analyze the clinical burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in intensive care unit (ICU) setting of India, along with the patterns of prevalence and its prevention measures, but also to focus on the new anti-MRSA research molecules which are in late stage of clinical development. Background: Methicillin resistance is reported to be present in 13–47% of Staphylococcus aureus infections in India. Therapeutic options to combat MRSA are becoming less, because of emerging resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics. Intensive care units are the harbinger of multidrug-resistant organisms including MRSA and are responsible for its spread within the hospital. The emergence of MRSA in ICUs is associated with poor clinical outcomes, high morbidity, mortality, and escalating treatment costs. There is an urgency to bolster the antibiotic pipeline targeting MRSA. The research efforts for antibiotic development need to match with the pace of emergence of resistance, and new antibiotics are needed to control the impending threat of untreatable MRSA infections. Review results: Fortunately, several potential antibiotic agents are in the pipeline and the future of MRSA management appears reassuring. Clinical significance: The authors believe that this knowledge may help form the basis for strategic allocation of current healthcare resources and the future needs.


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