Citation Information :
Bhume RJ, Babaliche P. Clinical Profile and the Role of Rapid Serological Tests: Typhifast IgM and Enterocheck WB in the Diagnosis of Typhoid Fever. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (5):307-312.
Introduction: During identification and diagnosis, typhoid fever (TF) causes various issues such as nonspecific symptoms and nontyphoidal Salmonella-associated febrile diseases. Accurate identification and diagnosis are still a substantial concern. The current study was undertaken to study the clinical profile of TF and the role of Typhifast IgM and Enterocheck WB in early diagnosis. Materials and methods: Clinically suspected TF patients (121) were included in the study. Patients with antibiotic history during the period of febrile illness were excluded. The diagnosis was confirmed with blood culture test. Widal test and two new rapid serological tests: Typhifast IgM and Enterocheck WB were performed. The outcomes were compared with blood culture-confirmed cases to derive the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic tests. The clinical characteristics were compared with diagnostic tests using Chi-square test. Results: The most common presentations of TF were fever, chills, vomiting, abdominal pain, anorexia, constipation, and diarrhea. Among the 121 clinically suspected TF patients, 67 had positive blood culture tests for Salmonella typhi. The Typhifast IgM and Enterocheck WB showed sensitivity of 97.01% and 68.52%, respectively. Specificity was also more with Typhifast IgM (85.07%) than with Enterocheck WB (62.96%). When tests were used in parallel combination, 97.01% sensitivity was attained, while the specificity dropped to 46.30%. When used in serial combination, sensitivity of 85.07% and specificity of 85.19% were observed. Conclusion: Stepladder fever, abnormal serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT), and abnormal albumin are associated with blood culture, Typhifast IgM, and Enterocheck WB tests. Rapid serological tests might assist in accurate and early identification of TF.
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