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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 9 ( September, 2020 ) > List of Articles

CASE REPORT

Clinical Spectrum and Outcome of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Children with Scrub Typhus: A Series of Eight Cases from India

Parminder Kaur, Reena Jain, Pankaj Kumar, Shivani Randev, Vishal Guglani

Citation Information : Kaur P, Jain R, Kumar P, Randev S, Guglani V. Clinical Spectrum and Outcome of Acute Encephalitis Syndrome in Children with Scrub Typhus: A Series of Eight Cases from India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (9):885-887.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23590

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-10-2020

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).


Abstract

Scrub typhus has reemerged with a different geographical distribution and varied clinical presentation like acute encephalitis syndrome (AES), which is a less known entity in scrub typhus. In this case series, we studied the clinical profile and outcome of eight patients who presented with AES and a positive scrub serology without any other identifiable cause of encephalopathy. All these patients had fever, altered sensorium, and nuchal rigidity, while seizures were present in six (75%) patients and papilledema in two (25%) patients. Complications like shock, pulmonary edema, and gastrointestinal (GI) bleed were observed in three (37%) patients. All patients except for one responded well to the treatment and recovered completely. Scrub typhus should be suspected early in patients presenting with AES.


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