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VOLUME 24 , ISSUE 11 ( November, 2020 ) > List of Articles
Radhapriya Yalamanchi, Bipin Chandra Dasari, Lavanya Narra, Abraham Oomman, Pramod Kumar, Rajeshwari Nayak, Refai Showkathali
Keywords : Acute coronary syndrome, Acute decompensated heart failure, Admissions, Cardiac emergency, Cardiac intensive care unit, COVID-19, Lockdown, Pandemic, Pulmonary embolism
Citation Information : Yalamanchi R, Dasari BC, Narra L, Oomman A, Kumar P, Nayak R, Showkathali R. Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Admissions during COVID-19 Pandemic—A Single Center Experience. Indian J Crit Care Med 2020; 24 (11):1103-1105.
License: CC BY-NC 4.0
Published Online: 16-12-2020
Copyright Statement: Copyright © 2020; The Author(s).
Aim: The impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown on cardiac emergency admissions to hospitals has been reported previously. We aimed to study the emergency room (ER) admissions to cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) at a tertiary care center during that period and compare this with admissions during the same time frame in the previous years. Materials and methods: This is a retrospective observational study of patients admitted to the CICU during the pandemic period from March 22 to August 1 (inclusive) of 2020 and compared this with CICU admissions in the same time frame in the previous 2 years (2018 and 2019). Results: During the study period in 2020, a total of 216 patients (age 59 ± 14 years) were admitted via ER, which is a 33% and 30% decline in admissions compared to 2019 (n = 322, age 63 ± 12 years) and 2018 (n = 307, age 62 ± 13), respectively. The decline in admissions with the primary diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS), acute decompensated heart failure, arrhythmia, and other diagnoses during the study period in 2020 were 27%, 38%, 62%, and 59%, respectively, while there was a 50% increase in acute pulmonary embolism admission compared to the mean admission in 2018 and 2019. Weekly admission rates gradually increased from less than 10 per week in the first 3 weeks to >15 by eighth week of the study period in 2020, while the trend was same throughout the study period in the previous 2 years. The CICU mortality rate in 2020 study period was 4.6% compared to 3.9% in 2018 (p = 0.83) and 5.6% in 2019 (p = 0.70). The in-hospital mortality of these patients was also similar in all 3 years (6.5%, 7.8%, and 7.9% in 2018, 2019, and 2020, respectively; p = 0.61). Conclusion: Our study showed that CICU admissions during COVID-19 lockdown had declined compared to the previous years in a large tertiary center in India. Government and health organizations should educate the public early on during the pandemic about the consequences of ignoring other acute medical problems such as ACS, provide various measures for them to reach hospital early, and give reassurance with the best practices adopted in hospitals to avoid contracting the virus from the hospital environment.
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