The present study was done with the objective to know the clinical presentation, microbiological features, and treatment outcome of melioidosis patients in our hospital, which is an emerging infection in India, and to know the differences in clinical course and outcome between bacteremic and nonbacteremic patients. This retrospective observational study was carried out over a period of 5 years from January 2015 to December 2019. Thirty-five cases of culture-confirmed melioidosis were identified with age range between 5 and 74 years. A large number of patients (n = 31) presented with uncontrolled diabetes mellitus. Six patients died of septic shock, and the outcome of eight patients was unknown as they were discharged against medical advice. There were no relapses observed. Melioidosis growing as a neglected tropical disease in India warrants awareness among all clinicians across the country.
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