Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 25 , ISSUE S2 ( May, 2021 ) > List of Articles


An Introduction to Statistics: Choosing the Correct Statistical Test

Priya Ranganathan

Citation Information :

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23815

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-05-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


The choice of statistical test used for analysis of data from a research study is crucial in interpreting the results of the study. This article gives an overview of the various factors that determine the selection of a statistical test and lists some statistical tests used in common practice.

  1. Ranganathan P, Gogtay NJ. An introduction to statistics - data types, distributions and summarizing data. Indian J Crit Care Med 2019;23(Suppl 2):S169–S170. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23198.
  2. Nayak BK, Hazra A. How to choose the right statistical test? Indian J Ophthalmol 2011;59(2):85–86. DOI: 10.4103/0301-4738.77005.
  3. Sridharan S, Gopalakrishnan R, Nambi PS, Kumar S, Nandini S, Ramasubramanian V. Clinical profile of non-neutropenic patients with invasive candidiasis: a retrospective study in a tertiary care center. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(3):267–272. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23748.
  4. Hopkins S, Dettori JR, Chapman JR. Parametric and nonparametric tests in spine research: why do they matter? Global Spine J 2018;8(6):652–654. DOI: 10.1177/2192568218782679.
  5. Megahed MM, El-Menshawy AM, Ibrahim AM. Use of early bronchoscopy in mechanically ventilated patients with aspiration pneumonitis. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(2):146–152. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23718.
  6. Chowhan G, Kundu R, Maitra S, Arora MK, Batra RK, Subramaniam R, et al. Efficacy of left ventricular outflow tract and carotid artery velocity time integral as predictors of fluid responsiveness in patients with sepsis and septic shock. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(3):310–316. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23764.
  7. Verma CV, Arora RD, Mistry HM, Kubal SV, Kolwankar NS, Patil PC, et al. Changes in mode of oxygen delivery and physiological parameters with physiotherapy in covid-19 patients: a retrospective study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(3):317–321. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23763.
  8. Tyagi D, Manjunath BG, Jakka S, Chandra S, Chaudhry D. Correlation of PaCO2 and ETCO2 in COPD patients with exacerbation on mechanical ventilation. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(3):305–309. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23762.
  9. Parajuli BD, Shrestha GS, Pradhan B, Amatya R. Comparison of acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation IV to predict intensive care unit mortality. Indian J Crit Care Med 2015;19(2):87–91. DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.151016.
  10. Roshan R, Sudhakar GD, Vijay J, Mamta M, Amirtharaj J, Priya G, et al. Aspiration during rapid sequence induction: prevalence and risk factors. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(2):140–145. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23714.
  11. Gunalan A, Sistla S, Sastry AS, Venkateswaran R. Concordance between National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) Surveillance Criteria and Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) Criteria for Diagnosis of Ventilator-associated Pneumonia (VAP). Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(3):296–298. DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23753.
  12. Hasanzadeh Kiabi F, Alipour A, Darvishi-Khezri H, Aliasgharian A, Emami Zeydi A. Zinc supplementation in adult mechanically ventilated trauma patients is associated with decreased occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a secondary analysis of a prospective, observational study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2017;21(1):34–39. DOI: 10.4103/0972-5229.198324.
  13. Yim KH, Nahm FS, Han KA, Park SY. Analysis of statistical methods and errors in the articles published in the Korean journal of pain. Korean J Pain 2010;23(1):35–41. DOI: 10.3344/kjp.2010.23.1.35.
  14. Bahar B, Pambuccian SE, Barkan GA, Akdas Y. The use and misuse of statistical methods in cytopathology studies: review of 6 journals. Lab Med 2019;50(1):8–15. DOI: 10.1093/labmed/lmy036.
  15. Nour-Eldein H. Statistical methods and errors in family medicine articles between 2010 and 2014-Suez Canal University, Egypt: a cross-sectional study. J Fam Med Prim Care 2016;5(1):24–33. DOI: 10.4103/2249-4863.184619.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.