Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine

Register      Login



Volume / Issue

Online First

Related articles

VOLUME 25 , ISSUE 6 ( June, 2021 ) > List of Articles


Increasing the Safety of Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy in COVID-19 Patients

Khalid I. Khatib

Citation Information : Khatib KI. Increasing the Safety of Percutaneous Dilatational Tracheostomy in COVID-19 Patients. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021; 25 (6):610-612.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-23876

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 01-06-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; The Author(s).


  1. Kwan A, Fok WG, Law KI, Lam SH. Tracheostomy in a patient with severe acute respiratory syndrome. Br J Anaesth 2004;92(2):280–282. DOI: 10.1093/bja/aeh035. PMID: 14722185; PMCID: PMC7094700.
  2. Mattioli F, Fermi M, Ghirelli M, Molteni G, Sgarbi N, Bertellini E, et al. Tracheostomy in the COVID-19 pandemic. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2020;277(7):2133–2135. DOI: 10.1007/s00405-020-05982-0. PMID: 32322959; PMCID: PMC7174541.
  3. Long SM, Chern A, Feit NZ, Chung S, Ramaswamy AT, Li C, et al. Percutaneous and open tracheostomy in patients with COVID-19: comparison and outcomes of an institutional series in New York City. Ann Surg 2021;273(3):403–409. DOI: 10.1097/SLA.0000000000004428. PMID: 32889885.
  4. Tay JK, Khoo ML, Loh WS. Surgical considerations for tracheostomy during the COVID-19 pandemic: lessons learned from the severe acute respiratory syndrome outbreak. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020;146(6):517–518. DOI: 10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0764. PMID: 32232426.
  5. Walsh KA, Jordan K, Clyne B, Rohde D, Drummond L, Byrne P, et al. SARS-CoV-2 detection, viral load and infectivity over the course of an infection. J Infect 2020;81(3):357–371. DOI: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.06.067. PMID: 32615199; PMCID: PMC7323671.
  6. Foster P, Cheung T, Craft P, Baran K, Kryskow M, Knowles R, et al. Novel approach to reduce transmission of COVID-19 during tracheostomy. J Am Coll Surg 2020;230(6):1102–1104. DOI: 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2020.04.014. PMID: 32283268; PMCID: PMC7146662.
  7. McGrath BA, Brenner MJ, Warrillow SJ, Pandian V, Arora A, Cameron TS, et al. Tracheostomy in the COVID-19 era: global and multidisciplinary guidance. Lancet Respir Med 2020;8(7):717–725. DOI: 10.1016/S2213-2600(20)30230-7.
  8. Young D, Harrison DA, Cuthbertson BH, Rowan K, TracMan Collaborators. Effect of early vs late tracheostomy placement on survival in patients receiving mechanical ventilation: the TracMan randomized trial. JAMA 2013;309(20):2121–2129. DOI: 10.1001/jama.2013.5154. PMID: 23695482.
  9. Andriolo BN, Andriolo RB, Saconato H, Atallah ÁN, Valente O. Early versus late tracheostomy for critically ill patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2015;1(1):CD007271. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007271.pub3. PMID: 25581416; PMCID: PMC6517297.
  10. Nouraei SA, Ma E, Patel A, Howard DJ, Sandhu GS. Estimating the population incidence of adult post-intubation laryngotracheal stenosis. Clin Otolaryngol 2007;32(5):411–412. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-4486.2007.01484.x. PMID: 17883582.
  11. Givi B, Schiff BA, Chinn SB, Clayburgh D, Iyer NG, Jalisi S, et al. Safety recommendations for evaluation and surgery of the head and neck during the COVID-19 pandemic. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020;146(6):579–584. DOI: 10.1001/jamaoto.2020.0780. PMID: 32232423.
  12. Miles BA, Schiff B, Ganly I, Ow T, Cohen E, Genden E, et al. Tracheostomy during SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: recommendations from the New York Head and Neck Society. Head Neck 2020;42(6):1282–1290. DOI: 10.1002/hed.26166. PMID: 32304119; PMCID: PMC7264578.
  13. Angel L, Kon ZN, Chang SH, Rafeq S, Palasamudram Shekar S, Mitzman B, et al. Novel percutaneous tracheostomy for critically ill patients with COVID-19. Ann Thorac Surg 2020;110(3):1006–1011. DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2020.04.010. PMID: 32339508; PMCID: PMC7182508.
  14. Martin-Villares C, Perez Molina-Ramirez C, Bartolome-Benito M, Bernal-Sprekelsen M, COVID ORL ESP Collaborative Group (*). Outcome of 1890 tracheostomies for critical COVID-19 patients: a national cohort study in Spain. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021;278(5):1605–1612. DOI: 10.1007/s00405-020-06220-3. PMID: 32749607; PMCID: PMC7399582.
  15. Zou L, Ruan F, Huang M, Liang L, Huang H, Hong Z, et al. SARS-CoV-2 viral load in upper respiratory specimens of infected patients. N Engl J Med 2020;382(12):1177–1179. DOI: 10.1056/NEJMc2001737. PMID: 32074444; PMCID: PMC7121626.
  16. Sommer DD, Engels PT, Weitzel E, Khalili S, Corsten M, Tewfik MA, et al. Recommendations from the CSO-HNS taskforce on performance of tracheotomy during the COVID-19 pandemic. J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2020;49(1):23. DOI: 10.1186/s40463-020-00414-9.
  17. Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham COVID-19 airway team. Safety and 30-day outcomes of tracheostomy for COVID-19: a prospective observational cohort study. Br J Anaesth 2020;125(6):872–879. DOI: 10.1016/j.bja.2020.08.023. PMID: 32988602; PMCID: PMC7455111.
  18. Damian B, Panayiotis K, Kevin S. Surgical tracheostomies in Covid-19 patients: important considerations and the “5Ts” of safety. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2020;58(5):585–589. DOI: 10.1016/j.bjoms.2020.04.008.
  19. Xiao H, Zhong Y, Zhang X, Cai F, Varvares MA. How to avoid nosocomial spread during tracheostomy for COVID-19 patients. Head Neck 2020;42(6):1280–1281. DOI: 10.1002/hed.26167. PMID: 32298034; PMCID: PMC7262169.
  20. Paul G, Gautam PL, Sharma S, Sravani MV, Krishna MR. Percutaneous Tracheostomy in COVID Era: Time to adapt and improvise. Indian J Crit Care Med 2021;25(6):642–647.
  21. Endersby RVW, Spencer AO, Ho ECY, Goldstein DH, Schubert E. Clear plastic drapes for aerosol-generating medical procedures in COVID-19 patients: questions still remain. Can J Anaesth 2020;67(10):1465. DOI: 10.1007/s12630-020-01705-5. PMID: 32394337; PMCID: PMC7212837.
  22. Pichi B, Mazzola F, Bonsembiante A, Petruzzi G, Zocchi J, Moretto S, et al. CORONA-steps for tracheotomy in COVID-19 patients: a staff-safe method for airway management. Oral Oncol 2020;105:104682. DOI: 10.1016/j.oraloncology.2020.104682.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.