Sepsis is a leading cause of maternal morbidity with a high case fatality rate and leads to significant perinatal loss. Early identification and appropriate time management can significantly improve maternal and perinatal outcomes. The physiological changes of pregnancy and puerperium make pregnant women more susceptible to sepsis and also pose a challenge for early diagnosis because of overlap of clinical features and laboratory values. The validation of scoring/warning systems for sepsis in parturient needs further research. Infections during puerperium are commonly polymicrobial in nature and warrant broad-spectrum antibiotics. Maternal resuscitation in antepartum period has to be tailored to ensure fetal well-being and adequate placental perfusion. For the management of sepsis in pregnancy, the guidelines from surviving sepsis campaign (SSC) for general adult population are extrapolated with modifications related to physiological alterations in pregnancy and puerperium. Timing of delivery is based on the obstetric indications unless the source of sepsis is intrauterine.
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