Hypothermia, Mortality, Neurological outcome, Normothermia, Post cardiac arrest, Targeted temperature management
Citation Information :
Rath A, Samal S, Dash A, Nayak B. Targeted Temperature Management in Unconscious Survivors of Postcardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (4):508-515.
Background: Targeted temperature management (TTM) is a vital element of postresuscitation management after cardiac arrest. Though international guidelines recommend TTM, the supporting evidence is of low certainty.
Aims and objectives: To estimate the effect of TTM strategy on mortality and neurological outcomes in postcardiac arrest survivors.
Materials and methods: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published in English evaluating the use of TTM in adult comatose survivors of cardiac arrest were included. Studies were categorized into two groups, based on hypothermia vs normothermia. The main outcome was death due to any origin. The secondary outcome measures evaluated neurological outcome and complications associated with TTM. Outcomes were analyzed by calculating Odds Ratio (OR) of a worse outcome. ORs with 95% CIs in a forest plot were used to show the results of random-effects meta-analyses.
Results: On pooled analysis of 11 RCTs, no difference was observed in death due to any origin rates in the hypothermia compared to the normothermia group (OR; 0.88, 95% CI: 0.39–1.16). Overall, no difference in poor neurological outcome was observed between the two groups (OR; 0.86, 95% CI: 0.66–1.12). Trial sequencing analysis for mortality and poor neurological outcome showed that number to achieve power to predict futility has been achieved in both the parameters.
Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed that hypothermia compared to normothermia TTM strategies does not improve survival or neurologic outcomes.
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