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VOLUME 26 , ISSUE 9 ( September, 2022 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Group A Streptococcal Bacteremia: Ten Years’ Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in South India

Jeethu Sreekala Jayakumar, Vettakkara Kandy Muhammed Niyas, Rajalakshmi Arjun

Keywords : Bacteremia, Group A Streptococcus, Streptococcus pyogenes

Citation Information : Jayakumar JS, Niyas VK, Arjun R. Group A Streptococcal Bacteremia: Ten Years’ Experience from a Tertiary Care Center in South India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (9):1019-1021.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24306

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-08-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Bacteremia is an uncommon complication of group A streptococcal (GAS) infections. The data on GAS bacteremia is scarce from developing nations such as India. Patients and methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of patients diagnosed with GAS bacteremia in a tertiary care hospital in Kerala, India over a 10-year period (2012–2021) by review of the electronic medical records (EMRs). Results: A total of 58 cases of GAS bacteremia were identified in the study period. Skin/soft tissue infection was the most common source of bacteremia. A total of 34.4% of the patients required ICU admission and the in-hospital mortality was 22.4%. All the GAS isolates were sensitive to penicillin, ampicillin, and ceftriaxone. Erythromycin and clindamycin resistance was seen in 39.7% and 24.1% isolates, respectively. Conclusion: This study shows that despite advancement in medical sciences, GAS bacteremia remains as a disease with high morbidity and mortality. A higher rate of clindamycin resistance was observed compared to previous Indian studies.


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