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VOLUME 26 , ISSUE 12 ( December, 2022 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Bacterial Meningitis among Intracranial Surgery Patients at a University Hospital in Northern India

Keywords : Bacterial meningitis, External ventricular drain, Multidrug resistance, Post-neurosurgery patients, Tertiary care center

Citation Information : Bacterial Meningitis among Intracranial Surgery Patients at a University Hospital in Northern India. Indian J Crit Care Med 2022; 26 (12):1244-1252.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24363

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 08-12-2022

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2022; The Author(s).


Background: Cerebrospinal infections are the cause of poor prognosis among post-neurosurgery patients owing to delay in improvement of neurological functions, leading to increased length of hospital stay, proceeding to disability or death. Methods and materials: This retrospective observational study was performed at a tertiary care center in Northern India, where all patients with bacterial cerebrospinal infections from July 2019 to July 2022 were evaluated for post-neurosurgery cerebrospinal shunt infections, and all demographic data and risk factors were extracted from the hospital information system (HIS). Results: The study includes 150 (150/1986, 7.55%) culture-confirmed cases of bacterial meningitis out of 1986 cases of suspected bacterial meningitis patients. Ninety-six (96/150, 64.0%) post-neurosurgery patients with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks were managed using external ventricular drain (EVD) or ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. Seventy-four (74/96, 77.08%) patients were managed only on EVD, whereas 22 (22/96, 22.92%) patients were managed only on VP shunt. Eighty-two (82/96, 85.4%) multidrug-resistant microorganisms (MDROs)were isolated and 70 (70/82, 85.36%) were Gram-negative bacteria, of which 56 (56/74, 75.68%) Gram-negative bacteria showed extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing character in those with an EVD, 14 (14/22, 63.63%) with a VP shunt. Among Gram-negative bacteria, Acinetobacter baumannii showed high rates of resistance: 21 (21/23, 91.30%) and 8 (8/8, 100%) were ESBL-producing A. baumannii in patients managed on EVD and VP shunt, respectively. Conclusion: This study determines the risk factors, the spectrum of pathogenic microorganisms, multidrug resistance, and the nature of intracranial lesions isolated among the patients who developed bacterial cerebrospinal infections in post-neurosurgery patients.

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