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VOLUME 27 , ISSUE 8 ( August, 2023 ) > List of Articles


Role of Nebulized Heparin in Clinical Outcome of COVID-19 Patients with Respiratory Symptoms: A Systematic Review

Bhavna Gupta, Pallavi Ahluwalia, Nidhi Gupta, Anish Gupta

Keywords : Acute respiratory distress syndrome, Coronavirus disease-2019, Nebulized heparin, Pandemic, Randomized study, Randomized controlled trial, Respiratory failure, SARS, SARS-CoV-2, Unfractionated heparin

Citation Information : Gupta B, Ahluwalia P, Gupta N, Gupta A. Role of Nebulized Heparin in Clinical Outcome of COVID-19 Patients with Respiratory Symptoms: A Systematic Review. Indian J Crit Care Med 2023; 27 (8):572-579.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24511

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 31-07-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) is an extremely contagious illness caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus and has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). There are currently no particular treatments, however, nebulized heparin has been offered as a viable therapy. The purpose of this systematic review is to assess the efficacy of nebulized heparin in COVID-19 patients with respiratory symptoms. Methods: Relevant studies were identified through a systematic search of the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Web of Science, and Scopus databases. The search terms included “nebulized heparin,” “COVID-19,” and “SARS-CoV-2.” Studies that evaluated the use of nebulized heparin in COVID-19 patients with respiratory symptoms were included. The rest of the studies along with those that were not published in English were excluded. The systematic review was registered under PROSPERO-CRD42023413927. Observations: Five studies have been included in this systematic review. Case reports, case series, observational studies, and randomized controlled trial (RCT) comprised the studies. The patient sample sizes ranged from 2 to 98. The studies assessed the efficacy of nebulized heparin in COVID-19 patients with variable disease severity. The evaluated outcomes included mortality, hospital stay duration, oxygen requirements, and laboratory parameters. Conclusion: Based on the clinical studies included in this systematic review, nebulized heparin may be useful in the management of COVID-19. Oxygen saturation was greater, inflammatory indicators were lower, and hospital stays were shorter in these patients. However, the studies had limitations, including inconsistent sample sizes, varying dosages of nebulized heparin, and no control groups. Nebulized heparin in patients with COVID-19 needs to be studied further to determine its safety and effectiveness.

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