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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 1 ( January, 2024 ) > List of Articles


Effect of Aviptadil, a Novel Therapy, on Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Viral-related Severe ARDS: A Retrospective Observational Study

Supriya Sampley, Deepak Bhasin, Kavita Sekhri, Harpal Singh, Onkar Gupta

Keywords : Aviptadil, Viral acute respiratory distress syndrome, Viral pneumonia

Citation Information : Sampley S, Bhasin D, Sekhri K, Singh H, Gupta O. Effect of Aviptadil, a Novel Therapy, on Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Viral-related Severe ARDS: A Retrospective Observational Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (1):70-74.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24594

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-12-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Dealing with life-threatening viral acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has always been challenging and with the recent COVID pandemic experience, there is still the need of newer therapies to alleviate mortality. Aviptadil, has shown significant beneficial results in COVID. We share our experience with this molecule by doing a retrospective study to evaluate the effect of this drug on clinical outcomes in viral-related ARDS patients. Materials and methods: In this study, all patients with severe viral-related ARDS received Aviptadil along with the conventional treatment. The oxygen saturation, SpO2/FiO2 (ratio of pulse oximetric saturation to fractional inspired oxygen) (S/F) ratio and PaO2/FiO2 (ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen) (P/F) ratio, before and after completion of the drug were studied. Radiological clearance and time for complete recovery from respiratory failure was noted. All variables pre- and postadministration of the drug were compared. Results: A total of 68 patients with viral pneumonias were admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) and only 6 patients had severe ARDS, who received Aviptadil. The mean oxygen saturation significantly improved from 87.86% before the first Aviptadil dose to 93.43% post 3 days of infusion. Similarly, improvement was seen in PaO2 values from 54.32 to 68.4 posttherapy (p-value < 0.004). SpO2/FiO2 (ratio of pulse oximetric saturation to fractional inspired oxygen) ratio hiked from 149 to 336 at the end of the 3 days infusion (p-value < 0.003). RALE scoring system was used for radiological clearance and the mean change in the score was from 6.42 to 2.5 (p-value 0.00). The average length of stay in the ICU was 12.14 days. No adverse effects were noted. Conclusion: Aviptadil has shown to improve the clinical outcomes in patients with severe viral-related ARDS without any adverse effects.

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