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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 5 ( May, 2024 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Family's Perceived Needs and Satisfaction with Intensive Care Services: A Questionnaire-based Prospective Observational Study

Viha Atri, Margiben Tusharbhai Bhatt, Souvik Chaudhuri, Aarohi Mitra, Sagar Shanmukhappa Maddani, Sunil Ravindranath

Keywords : Decision-making, Family, Family satisfaction in the ICU 24 revised, Consideration of need, Intensive care, Treatment of physical symptoms, Perception, Satisfaction, Treatment outcome

Citation Information : Atri V, Bhatt MT, Chaudhuri S, Mitra A, Maddani SS, Ravindranath S. Family's Perceived Needs and Satisfaction with Intensive Care Services: A Questionnaire-based Prospective Observational Study. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (5):483-494.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24621

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 30-04-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Background: Holistic intensive care management involves the treatment of critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) as well as catering to family psychosocial needs helping in bettering satisfaction/perception of care. There is scarce data in the Indian intensive care setting regarding the same, especially in times of increasing end-of-life practices. Our study aimed to determine the factors impacting family perception/satisfaction with intensive care. Materials and methods: A total of 336 family bystanders of patients in ICU with more than 72 hours of stay were surveyed using family satisfaction in the ICU 24 revised (FS-ICU 24R) questionnaire. Results: Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the significant factors associated with the satisfaction among bystanders of ICU patients were the treatment of patient's physical symptoms like pain/breathlessness (Adjusted OR 3.73, p = 0.003), ICU staff's approach to family's need consideration (Adjusted OR 4.44, p < 0.001), concern and care towards patients’ family (Adjusted OR 2.67, p = 0.023). Participation in patient care, ICU waiting room atmosphere, and emotional support are the other factors independently associated with satisfaction with ICU care. Family satisfaction was not associated with the patient's survival (p = 0.331, Chi-square test) or the length of ICU (p = 0.328, Chi-square test) and hospital stay (p = 0.865, Chi-square test). Conclusion: Treatment of a patient's physical symptoms like pain, approach to family's needs consideration, and concern/care towards the patient's family are independent factors associated with optimal satisfaction among family members of ICU patients, which even takes precedence over the survival outcomes or length of ICU stay.

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