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VOLUME 28 , ISSUE 7 ( July, 2024 ) > List of Articles

SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Acoustic Shadowing to Facilitate Ultrasound Guided Arterial Cannulation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Lipi Mishra, Chandra Rath, Bradley Wibrow, Matthew Anstey, Kwok Ho

Keywords : Acoustic shadow, Arterial cannulation, Ultrasound

Citation Information : Mishra L, Rath C, Wibrow B, Anstey M, Ho K. Acoustic Shadowing to Facilitate Ultrasound Guided Arterial Cannulation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Indian J Crit Care Med 2024; 28 (7):677-685.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10071-24751

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 29-06-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Aim and background: Ultrasound-guided arterial catheterization is a frequently performed procedure. Additional techniques such as acoustic shadowing-assisted ultrasound may be useful in improving success rate. This systematic review aimed to assess the efficacy of acoustic shadowing assisted ultrasound for arterial catheterization. Materials and methods: PubMed, Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, EMCARE, and MedNar were searched in January 2024. Randomized controlled trials comparing the first attempt success rate of arterial catheterization using acoustic shadowing ultrasound vs unassisted ultrasound were included. Data were pooled for risk ratios (RRs) using the random-effects model. Subgroup analysis was conducted based on a single or double acoustic line. Sensitivity analysis was undertaken after excluding pediatric data. The certainty of evidence (COE) was assessed using the GRADE framework. Results: Six randomized controlled trials (n = 777) were included. A meta-analysis found the first attempt success rate is significantly higher in the acoustic ultrasound group (n = 6, RR: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.34–0.66, p ≤ 0.00001). Hematoma formation was significantly less in the acoustic ultrasound group (n = 6, RR: 0.52, 95% CI: 0.34–0.80, p = 0.003). First attempt success was significantly higher in the single acoustic line ultrasound (USG) group compared to the unassisted ultrasound group (n = 3, RR: 0.41, 95% CI: 0.28–0.59, p ≤ 0.00001). Sensitivity analysis after excluding pediatric data was similar to the primary analysis (n = 5, RR: 0.50, 95% CI: 0.33–0.70, p ≤ 0.00001). Certainty of evidence was “Moderate” for the first attempt cannulation. Conclusions: Acoustic shadowing-assisted ultrasound improved first-attempt arterial catheterization success rate and was associated with reduced hematoma formation.


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